My Morning Jacket‘s multi-instrumentalist/jack-of-all-trades Carl Broemel has released a new single from his forthcoming solo LP called 4th of July. The track, called “Snowflake”, is an acoustic track that Broemel told SPIN “…is partially influenced by the interesting but questionable book ‘The Hidden Messages in Water’, where a scientist flash-freezes water drops while participants think happy or sad thoughts. Positive thoughts made beautiful snowflakes and negative thoughts made messy ugly shapes.”The track “Snowflake” is currently available for stream on SoundCloud. Other album tracks that are available for streaming include “In The Dark” (on SoundCloud) and “Sleepy Lagoon” (on Spotify). All three tracks are available as instant-downloads if you pre-order the album on iTunes.Listen to “Snowflake” below!
By Dialogo June 07, 2012 In a world permeated by technology and speed in the circulation of news, transforming the education and leadership development of lower-echelon unit commanders is of vital importance, due to the high level of complexity of the scenario in question. The environment in which the Army’s Pacification Force operates follows the great trend of 21st-century conflicts, that is, asymmetry between the opposing forces, and the context of operations is marked by the following characteristics: • The Pacification Force, duly constituted, has organized crime and militias active in the area as its adversaries; • The limits on the troops’ activities are defined by public opinion and strict rules of engagement; • The speed of information is enormous, with the international spread of news; • Difficulty in processing the enormous volume of data generated; • Need for damage control (in relation to civilians and the environment) during and after operations; • Coexistence with other state actors; • Non-linear battlefield; • Need to control the most important elements in the tactical topography and the human (leadership) terrain; • NGO activities; • Intense questioning from human-rights organizations; • Extensive legal restrictions; • Segmented population (hostile, neutral, and favorable); • Variable levels of intensity of hostilities; • Omnipresence of the media and the use of modern technologies. The main organized-crime institution in Brazil is the Comando Vermelho [Red Command], which is also the dominant segment in the area. Its connection to the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and aggressive posture with regard to the state’s public-safety agencies motivated the famous invasion and occupation of the shantytown complexes by the police and the Armed Forces. Acting completely without legitimacy, they imposed their domain on the population by executing opponents, resulting in an atmosphere of terror for three decades of abandonment by the state. The militias, formed primarily by police officers, military firefighters, and correctional officers, control a small area of the complexes. Normally, they establish mandatory fees for security services, alternative transportation, distribution of propane tanks, and pirated cable service. The remnant members of organized crime who remain in the area are normally marginal figures without police records, and although some have been identified, they are protected by the situation of normality and the democratic rule of law. They take advantage of this situation to continue making threats, pursuing executions, and recruiting other marginal individuals. Despite the massive investments made in building chairlifts and recreational areas, the Alemão and Penha shantytown complexes still represent an enormous potential for instability, due to the extremely poor sanitary conditions in the area, the prolonged absence of the state, the political context, and the possibility of interference by local religious leaders, politicians, organized crime, and the press. The state still has much to do in order for that region to be able to reach minimum standards of quality of life. The Role of Corporals In the view of the highest echelons of the Defense Ministry, officers educated at the Agulhas Negras Military Academy (due to their hierarchical role and training) will be the chief protagonists of the Pacification Force’s interaction with the population, its adversaries, and other actors in the theater of operations. This assessment is inaccurate. In pacifying a community (such as the groups of shantytowns that make up the Alemão and Penha complexes – with approximately 400,000 people), the decisions made by the Team Leaders and Squad Leaders have been decisive for the success of operations, only if they put the commander’s intentions into practice on the ground. These enlisted personnel are the face that the population and the media see during the diffusion of the Army’s institutional image, and are exposed 24 hours a day, receiving considerable positive and negative impacts from this kind of mission. Depending on the behavior of a patrol commander, a simple event, such as stopping a suspect, may evolve from the tactical level, move beyond the operational and strategic levels, and quickly reach the political level. This phenomenon has been greatly influenced by the press, which pursues a coverage based on responses for public opinion from higher echelons even before they have access to information from the chain of command, which goes through at least eight levels, while the media broadcasts an incident live. In interacting with the environment, enlisted personnel negotiate with community leaders, block access to crime scenes, assist with traffic, contribute to respect for the rules of community coexistence (for instance, the Public Disturbance Act, interact with the press, arrest tramps, mediate disputes among residents, provide security for authorities, administer first aid, collect essential information, and confirm the data received. The actions of these military personnel go far beyond their formal duties, due to the absence of various segments of the state. Training Training the lower echelons of the Armed Forces to act in a decentralized way and with such a high level of responsibility is one of the greatest current challenges of the Brazilian Armed Forces. Education cannot be improvised, and unfortunately, military personnel in these ranks come from the underprivileged classes of society, having had less access to education and knowledge. Another great difficulty for the pacification troops was the short amount of time available for training when given these missions. While troops sent to Haiti train for six months, the military personnel used in the pacification operations in Rio de Janeiro had an average of two to ten weeks of training. In order to minimize these problems in the future, it is essential that the Armed Forces seek quality when enlisting recruits and subsequently in the selection of volunteers for training, corporals, and sergeants in the infantry and cavalry (the base arms). The ideal training for an operation with these characteristics involves an intensive block of instruction that includes negotiation, micro-regional culture, the use of non-lethal technologies, Krav Maga (Israeli Self-Defense), first aid, rules of engagement, practical law, verbal approach, practical shooting modules, and operational intelligence, among other topics. Future Perspectives For at least the next four years, the Brazilian Armed Forces will be in the spotlight due to upcoming major events. The 2014 World Cup, Rio+20, constant meetings and visits from heads of state, and the 2016 Olympic Games will place Brazil at the center of events. In addition, we cannot discard the possibility of transnational terrorism taking advantage of these events to make its presence felt in the form of attacks, as has been happening in Argentina. The vulnerability of the Brazil-Paraguay-Argentina triple border, with the presence of Hezbolah, in addition to the proximity of the FARC, points to the need for integration among the intelligence agencies and for follow-ups on new possible connections between these organizations and Brazilian organized crime. In the last few decades, a significant effort has been made in Brazil’s foreign policy, which is seeking a permanent seat on the UN Security Council. In this context, Brazil has been actively participating in countless peace missions for more than a decade, among which those in East Timor, Mozambique, Angola, and especially Haiti stand out. Due to several strikes among the various segments of the Brazilian Police (Civil, Federal, Federal Highway Patrol, and Military) over the last few decades, the highest echelon of the executive branch has already realized that it cannot compromise the country’s reputation and the success of operations of this magnitude by being threatened and blackmailed by strikes. For this reason, it is highly likely that we will see new editions of the Army Pacification Forces in the occupation of other communities and that the control and organization of security for the upcoming events will be carried out by the Armed Forces. In this way, the quality of commanders at all levels in the hierarchy will become increasingly more important, but the training and education of lower-echelon leaders will remain critical. *Colonel Montenegro was the commander of the Sampaio Task Force during the occupation of Alemão Complex in 2011, and currently commands it during the occupation of the Penha Complex (April to July 2012). read more
Metro Sport ReporterMonday 8 Apr 2019 5:50 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link Solskjaer is in his first season as the manager of United (Picture: Getty)Ole Gunnar Solskjaer believes the biggest challenge he faces as the Manchester United manager is installing a winning mentality in his players.Solskjaer won six Premier League titles during his time as a player at the club, and the 46-year-old insists the success he enjoyed was partly down to the positive mindset which Sir Alex Ferguson cast upon the squad.When asked about his own playing days at United, Solskjaer told ESPN: ‘We challenged each other every day in training. There were fights and there was an inner justice that I’ve not seen in too many teams.More: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man City‘We never, ever accepted anyone being below par in training. We kicked each other and we had to win every single day. That moved over into games and we never gave in. There was an unbelievable team spirit.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENT‘I want my players to really push each other and demand 100 percent attitude from each other every single day. That’s the only way you can improve and it’s the only way you can win. We had something special.‘It’s a different group now and the challenge is ‘how can I make these players winners as we were?”More: Manchester United FCRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starNew Manchester United signing Facundo Pellistri responds to Edinson Cavani praiseEx-Man Utd coach blasts Ed Woodward for two key transfer errorsSince taking over from Jose Mourinho in December, Solskjaer has guided the Red Devils to the last eight of the Champions League.He’s also helped fire the club back into top-four contention, with the team two points behind fourth-place Arsenal.United’s next fixture is against Barcelona in the Champions League on Wednesday night.MORE: Barca admit Man Utd beat them to the signing of Pogba in 2016Will United finish in the top four this season?Yes0%No0%Share your resultsShare your resultsTweet your results Advertisement Advertisement Comment Ole Gunnar Solskjaer reveals the biggest challenge he faces as Man United’s manager read more